Poker is the most famous card game in the world. It has many variations of the rules, among which Texas Hold’em is the most common. A simple mechanic helped him take over the world: you get 2 cards in your hands and try to collect a winning combination from them.
There are other options for poker rules: with and without community cards, with fixed-size bets, in order to collect not the strongest, but the weakest combination. We have prepared detailed instructions on the rules of the game of poker for beginners and those who want to expand their knowledge.
The main rules of poker
The word “poker” refers to dozens of different card games: Texas Holdem , Omaha , Stud , Draw , Chinese poker , Crazy Pineapple and many others. They are united by a common hierarchy of winning combinations. With rare exceptions, a French 52-card deck is used in poker.
The game consists of repetitive cycles – hands. During the distribution, the participants use the bets to form the money bank, which goes to the winner.
According to the rules of any kind of poker, the player’s goal is to get the pot or, as it is called in professional slang, the pot.
This can be done in one of two ways:
Collect the best combination, that is, a stronger one than your opponents.
Convince the other participants that you have made a strong combination so that they give up. If, after the player’s bet, everyone folded, he receives the compiled bank. At the same time, it is not necessary to show what he really had.
In the most common variants – Hold’em or Omaha – 5 community cards are placed in the middle of the table. In other poker variants, they are not laid out, because each participant has his own set on hand. Moreover, in seven-card variations, some of them are visible to opponents. And in Draw games, they are closed, the players make assumptions about the strength, only based on the rates and actions of opponents in the exchanges.
Streets of rates
Each draw consists of several stages of trading or, in other words, the streets on which bets are made. Their sequence depends on the type of game:
- with community cards: preflop, flop, turn and river. The whole group is called a board;
- with the exchange: pre-draw (pre-exchange), first, second and third draw (exchange);
- in the Stud and its variations, each stage is called a street with a number corresponding to the number of cards in hand. The distribution starts on 3rd street and ends on 7th street.
If the player made a bet and it returned to him without raises or reraises, the round ends. The next one begins. After the last round (river or 7th street) is over, a showdown occurs. Participants not eliminated from the distribution show combinations to each other and sort out who takes the pot.
There are no betting rounds in Chinese poker, which is why it is the most unlike any other game. In it, players pay each other with points at the end of the distribution.
For more information on the rules of specific games and how they are traded, read below.
The rules provide three options for how much money or chips a player can bet during a turn:
- Limit. Bets and raises are strictly specified.
- Pot limit. The amount wagered in the event of an increase must not be higher than the established bank.
- Unlimited. Participants are free to choose the size for their bets. During a move, you can send all available chips to the pot, that is, go all-in or all-in.
By participating in a round of bidding, a player has the right, when his turn comes, to do the following:
- Fold. Surrender, discard and get out of the fight for the pot. Usually, after folding, you need to wait for the end of the hand and start a new one with everyone.
- Beth. Place the first bet in the circle.
- Raise. Raise your current rate after beta. Raising someone’s raise is called a reraise.
- Receipt. Do not invest in a pot and pass the turn to go to the next participant. A check is available only if no one has bet on the current street before.
- Call. Call or call, that is, to put in the pot an amount equal to the extreme bet or raise.
- All-in. A special case of betting, raising or calling, when a player sends all the chips he has to the pot.
The rules of all formats require participating players to place certain bets in advance, prior to receiving the cards:
- Small and big blinds (MB and BB). Bet in flop and draw games. They form the starting bank for which the participants are fighting.
- Ante. Used in all poker games. A small amount put down before receiving cards by each participant in the drawing. Most often it is 15-20% of the BB.
- Bring-in. It is used in the Stud and its variations. 3rd Street Bid. In Razz, it is made by the player with the largest open card, in Stud and Stud Hi / Lo – with the smallest.
- In Chinese poker, blind bets are not made as there are no betting rounds.
Order of moves
The order of moves depends on the type of poker. In Hold’em, Omaha and Draw, the dealer’s chip is the button. In live play, it refers to the person who deals the deck.
The player to the left of the button acts first on all streets. Preflop, he has virtually no options – he is obliged to post the small blind. So is the big blind after him. Starting from the flop, the MB goes first. If he has already left the hand – BB and then clockwise.
At the end of the hand, the button moves to the next player. For a full circle, each participant posts the small blind and the big blind once.
Read about the sequence of actions on the streets for the Herd and its varieties in the corresponding section below.
The rules of the game of poker assume that only five cards are involved in the final combination. All varieties share a common hierarchy.